Factors Associated With Racial Differences in Deaths Among Nursing Home Residents With COVID-19 Infection in the US
JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(2):e2037431. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.37431
Question Are case mix, nursing home characteristics, and community spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) associated with racial differences in deaths among nursing home residents with COVID-19 infection in the US?
Findings In this cross-sectional study of 13 312 nursing homes in the US, deaths among nursing home residents with COVID-19 infection were higher in facilities that had low proportions (<60%) of White residents compared with those that had high proportions (>97%) of White residents. This difference in mortality was associated with a combination of differences in facility characteristics and location.
Meaning The study’s findings suggest that the inequalities underlying racial disparities in COVID-19 infection and mortality in the general population may also be associated with differences in mortality among nursing home residents with COVID-19 infection.
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